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Wednesday, June 7, 2017

Integrated peripherals

Disk controller for floppy drives, up to 2 PATA drives, and up to 6 SATA (including support for RAID 0/1)
Integrated graphics controller supporting 2D and 3D graphics, with VGA and TV output
Integrated sound card that supports 8-channel (7.1) audio and S / PDIF output
Fast Ethernet network controller for 10/100 Mbit network
USB 2.0 controller supports up to 12 USB ports
IrDA controller for infrared data communication (ie By phone or IrDA compatible printer)
The temperature, voltage and fan sensor that allows software to monitor the health of computer components

CPU sockets

A power CPU (central processing unit) or Slot is an electrical component connected to a printed circuit board (PCB) and is designed for the home CPU (also called a microprocessor). This is a special type of integrated circuit socket designed to calculate very high pins. A CPU socket provides many functions, including physical structure to support the CPU, support for heat sinks, facilitate replacement (and lower cost), and most importantly, forming an electrical interface with both CPU and with PCB. The motherboard CPU jack is found more frequently on most desktop and server computers (laptops typically use surface CPU mounts), especially those based on Intel x86 architecture. Types of CPU sockets and motherboard chipsets must support CPU count and speed

Computer Components directly attached to & to part of the motherboard

The CPU (Central Processing Unit), which carried out most of the chip enables a computer to work, and is sometimes referred to as the brain of the computer. It gets better by a heatsink and fan, or water-cooling system. Many new CPUs include a die Graphics Processing Unit (GPU). The clock speed of CPUs control how fast it purely manual, and is measured in GHz; typical values ​​lie between 1 GHz and 5 GHz. Many modern computers have the option to overclock the CPU which enhances the performance and costs of thermal output and thus the need asked.
The chipset, which includes the north, mediates communicationbetween the CPU and the other of the system, including main memory.
Random-Access Memory (RAM), which stores code and data are actively accessed from the CPU. For example, when a web browser is opened and it takes computer memory; This is stored in RAM until the Web browser is closed. RAM usually comes with the DIMMs available 2GB, 4GB, and 8GB, and can be much larger.
Read-only memory (ROM), which stores the BIOS when the computer is powered on or otherwise begins execution, a process known as Bootstrapping, or "booting" or "booting ". The BIOS (Basic Input Output System) includes boot firmware and power management firmware. Newer motherboards to the United Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) instead of BIOS.
The car is connected to the CPU internal and expand the card for graphics and sound.
The CMOS battery, the power and memory for the date and time in the BIOS chip. This battery is generally a watch battery.
The video card (also known as the graphics card), which processes computer graphics. More graphics cards are well suited to the serious work, such as playing intensive video games.